Primitive Technology: Forge Blower

Primitive Technology: Forge Blower

I invented the Bow Blower, a combination of the bow drill and forge blower to make a device that can force air into a fire while being easy to construct from commonly occurring natural materials using only primitive technology. I began by fanning a fire with a piece of bark to increase its temperature. It is this basic principle I improved on throughout the project.
Next, I made a rotary fan from two pieces of bark that slot together at right angles to each other to form a simple 4 bladed paddle wheel about 20 cm in diameter and 5 cm tall. The blades of the fan were not angled and were designed only to throw air outwards away from the axle when spun. The rotor of the fan was made by splitting a stick two ways so it formed 4 prongs. The fan was then inserted into the prongs and the end lashed to hold it in place. Spinning the fan rotor back and forth between the palms of the hands fanned the fire. But only some of the wind generated by the fan reached the fire. The rest of it was blowing in other directions, effectively being wasted.
So I built a fan housing from unfired clay to direct the air flow into the fire. This was basically an upturned pot with a hole in the top, a spout coming out of the side. The housing was about 25 cm wide and 8 cm tall. The hole in the top and the spout were both about 6 cm in diameter so that the air coming in roughly equalled the air coming out. The base of the fan rotor sat in a wooden socket placed in the ground to make it spin easier and the top of the rotor protruded from the hole in the top of the housing.
Now when the fan spun, air entered the hole in the top of the housing and exited the spout in the side. Importantly, it doesn’t matter which way the fan spins, air always goes into the inlet and out the spout. Air is thrown out towards the walls of the housing and can only leave through the spout while the vacuum in the centre sucks new air into the housing through the inlet. A separate clay pipe called a tuyere was made to fit over the spout to direct air into the coals. This was done because the pipe that touches the fire can melt away so it’s better to make this part replaceable.
Instead of making a large wheel and belt assembly to step up the speed of rotation, I opted for a 75 cm long bow. I made a frame to hold the rotor in place consisting of two stakes hammered into the ground with a socketed cross bar lashed on to hold the top of the rotor. I made bark fibre cordage and tied the end to a stick. I then looped the cord around the rotor and held the other end in the same hand holding the stick. I then pushed and pulled the bow causing the rotor to spin rapidly, forcing air into the fire.
I made a simple mud furnace for the blower. Then I collected orange iron bacteria from the creek (iron oxide), mixed it with charcoal powder (carbon to reduce oxide to metal) and wood ash (flux to lower the meting point) and formed it into a cylindrical brick. I filled the furnace with charcoal, put the ore brick in and commenced firing. The ore brick melted and produced slag with tiny, 1mm sized specs of iron through it. My intent was not so much to make iron but to show that the furnace can reach a fairly high temperature using this blower. A taller furnace called a bloomery was generally used in ancient times to produce usable quantities of iron and consumed more charcoal, ore and labour.
This device produces a blast of air with each stroke of the bow regardless of whether it is pushed or pulled. The bow makes it possible to operate the blower without using a complicated belt and wheel assembly used in traditional forge blowers. There is a brief pause at the end of each stroke where the fan stops to rotate in the other direction, but this is effectively no different to the intermittent blast of a double acting bellows of Europe or box bellows of Asia. The materials used (wood, bark, bark fibre and clay) are readily available on most continents. No leather, valves or precisely fitted piston gaskets are required as with other types of bellows. The cords for this device wear out often so a number of back up cords should be kept handy for quick replacement. In summary, this is an easy to make device that solves the problem of supplying forced combustion air required for high temperature furnaces and forges.

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20 Responses

  1. Mark Lemuel Yanuaria says:

    Aussieman24 has entered the iron age.

  2. conan howard says:

    seems like a lot of trouble to go to ,just to cook a couple of burgers??

  3. don1559 says:

    Finally a new video, I have been waiting for this more than box office

  4. Geo Pillejera says:

    Does he actually live there??

  5. Marcus Leung says:


  6. Joshua Gomez says:

    Every video is so satisfying😊😊😊

  7. Atlars says:

    I am amazed! Could you try to make actual arrows and a bow. Then go

  8. HaiDefinitions says:

    That was fucking awesome! Everytime i thought “damn Thats great” You just
    topped it! Very Great

  9. Mark Foo says:

    great job well done , my friend

  10. akumabito2008 says:

    Just made a jet turbine out of clay and twigs to progress to the Iron Age.
    No biggie.

  11. W0lfofDawn says:

    I live in Texas, so I can’t really practice any of this. Plus I work near
    80 hours a week lol.
    Wish i had the logic and nohow to do what you do.

  12. Tim Park says:

    He will upload “Blacksmith Series” soon maybe lol

  13. Elias Kuusisto says:

    more videos

  14. Burn Feminists says:

    You should do normal videos like vlogs or something. You seem like an
    instresting guy to watch.

  15. Agaperion Rex says:

    As of this post, there are 157 people pissed they can’t do that shit.

  16. Lavius_ says:

    Welcome friends…….. To the IRON AGE.

  17. Puma Gaming says:

    very good keep teaching us more good skills

  18. CYI3ERPUNK says:

    forging metal, nice =] moving on up =] ; i cannot express how exciting i am
    and how much i am looking forward to your 40,000th video on primitive
    technology: how to create a functioning smartphone and global
    communications grid =] {considering we’ll have clones and AI and be
    traveling the stars by then =] }

  19. Sulaiman A.W says:

    Hope to see iron tools soon

  20. Руслан Хорьков says:

    я один тут русский