Nonviolence and Peace Movements: Crash Course World History 228

Nonviolence and Peace Movements: Crash Course World History 228

In which John Green teaches you about nonviolence and peace movements in the 20th century. What is nonviolence? What is a peace movement? Well. traditionally, humans often resort to violence when they come into conflict. In the 20th century, it became much more common for people to enact change by means of nonviolence, and there was a common thread of connection between many of the most notable advocates of peaceful change. Crash Course will take you from Gandhi to Gregg to Bayard Rustin to Martin Luther King, Jr, to the Cold War to Arab Spring along a path of nonviolent resistance and peaceful change. It’s pretty great.

Citation 1: King, Martin Luther, Jr., Farewell Statement for All India Radio, 9 March 1959.

SUBBABLE SHOUTOUTS!

From Peter Borenstein to Mickale Dillen: Happy late birthday to the best Ezreal mid in NA that I know

You may also like...

20 Responses

  1. Peter Eberhard says:

    Wow, I did not know about the Rosenstraße protests, and I thought I was (as
    a German) quite educated about WW2 and the holocaust. Thanks, that was
    interesting!

  2. houdini2233 says:

    You talk of non-violence and peace movements yet you fail to mention one
    word about Te Whiti and Parihaka? Shame on you.

  3. Ben Radkovic says:

    Thanks for this video, but I am concerned by the heavy focus on successful
    non-violent protests, when the unsuccessful ones far outweigh them,
    although less famous because they failed. Generally, the British were a lot
    more receptive to non-violent protests than the other empires, just look at
    France in pretty much everywhere or the recent Arab Spring. That the
    British didn’t just shoot Ghandi and get it over with is pretty remarkable.
    This is a two-way street. Non-violent resistance tends to work if
    the domineering power doesn’t want to escalate the issue. Peaceful protests
    in Syria have lead to a massive war because the government wasn’t willing
    to allow them and brought the army in. In the perfect counter-point, the
    protests in Egypt worked (initially) because the army refused to follow
    orders and shoot their countrymen.
    Non-violent resistance is unrealistic. Most people resort to violence not
    because they are bloodthirsty but because they are desperate and feel like
    any other means of protest have been nullified (such as Ferguson in the
    US). This video degrades those who have fought and are fighting for their
    country, and although peace is ideal, it is very rarely attainable. How
    many millions died in the partition of India and Pakistan?
    If we’re going to talk about non-violent protest, I think it is important
    to emphasise what a spectacularly high rate of failure it has, and the
    reason we celebrate the successful ones is because there are so few.

  4. Stefan Kamzol says:

    I was thinking, I think it would be great if Crashcourse could make a video
    about Marxism/Leninism/Communism and its progression from Marx to Lenin to
    Stalin to Mao and so on. Keep up the great work!

  5. Radspakr Wolfbane says:

    The funny thing I Gandhi was racist against black people I can’t imagine
    King and Gandhi would have liked each other.

  6. Steven Shutt says:

    Can we get the volume higher on these? My tablet speakers are struggling
    for Crash Course and most channels come in fine.

  7. crop594 says:

    How does non violent protest work? If I was in power I’d just kill them
    when they protested. * shrug* it sounds counter productive and stupid.

  8. corey george says:

    What about the peace protests of Te Whiti?? In New Zealand he was
    protesting peacefully in the 1860s and he inspired Ghandi when he visited
    the the place Te Whiti protested “Parihaka” he was the original passive
    resistance leader

  9. Kirk Zuraff says:

    Too bad for every one nonviolent person there are ten who will justify it.

  10. conrad huang says:

    as a history student, war is much more interesting to read and write about,
    nothing wrong with peace and nonviolence, its just not as interesting to
    research about

  11. Cornelius Edward Bengington HoarseDick the 3rd Brother of King Arthur the Lord of the Thundercunts says:

    There’s a time for peace, then there’s a time to kick ass and take names.

  12. John Preston says:

    Man when I watch world history I get hopeful for the future, but when I
    watch politics I feel as if there’s no hope for the future. I’m so
    conflicted!!!

  13. LAGGYRAGE says:

    Brutal sound quality today guys.

  14. SuperBararo says:

    Next episode had a dutch flag and VOC. I’m hyped.

  15. richard1701able says:

    Why did you stop at the end of the Twentieth Century? There is a huge wave
    of Non-violent protests happening all over the world atm, and the US is
    determined to stop it. That’s probably why. You don’t want to be called a
    shelf hating American do you.

  16. brianrose85 says:

    1) I wouldn’t go so far as the call the 20th Century “the most peaceful”
    unless we recognize that it is also, paradoxically, the most violent — the
    years during WWII really were the most violent in human history, even as
    the decline in war deaths in the latter part of the century were the most
    peaceful.

    2) The correct way to understand (most of) the non-violent movements in
    modern history is the same way to correctly understand war — as politics
    by other means. When non-violent action proves a more effective way for a
    group or interest to advance their interests (or rights, or “rights”, etc),
    then it will tend to prevail.

  17. FloridatedH2O says:

    Really pretty disappointed with the comments section on this one. So many
    people jumping at the chance to defame Gandhi’s name, and for what purpose?
    Who is being offended or hurt by Crashcourse’s presentation of Gandhi as a
    champion of nonviolence, and generally a good person? So what if he isn’t a
    great person? Mother Teresa is arguably not a good person, depending on
    your view of her work. How does his 1940’s racism or anything else about
    his personal life reflect on the good done by him, his followers, and the
    people inspired by him to non-violent protest? 

  18. Sir George Severn says:

    The 21st century will be worse

  19. Divi says:

    “leo tolstoy who knew a little bit about war and peace”
    classic

  20. lee raeside says:

    All civilisations are violent and exploitative. You can’t just say it was
    the west. Indians had been exploiting one another for years before the
    British did.